In early 1800's the majestic White Pine (Pinus strobus) was the undisputed king of Michigan's northern forests. Often 4-5 feet in diameter and over 150 feet high, from the Saginaw valley northwards this tree dominated on the sandy loam soils left by the glaciers. The wood of the White Pine is very desirable for construction, so starting in the 1850's most of these large trees were plundered. I say plundered because there is o better word to describe the greed, waste and corruption used in acquiring and taking of these trees. See "The Forests of Michigan", Dickmann and Leefers. See what used to be; go see the old growth stands at Hartwick Pines near Houghton Lake and Estevich Pines near Houghton in the Upper Peninsula.
|To the left you can see what was common in Michigan up to the 1870's, These are giant White Pines in the Estevich Pines area of the Upper Peninsula. Unfortunately, we only have a few areas of virgin pine left in Michigan. Visit them sometime and stand in awe in a grove of these majestic trees.|
|Leaves of Wintergreen sparkle in the sun under white pine.|
|Early morning light on Hemlock cones, Oceana county.|
|White Avens in the Estevich Pines area.|
|A ghost from the past (the stump, not the lady)|